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引用本文:袁学诚. 无机生油假说在第聂伯—顿涅茨盆地的应用及其对中国找寻油气的启示[J]. 中国地质, 2012, 39(5): 1117-1124.
YUAN Xue-cheng. The application of abiogenetic petroleum origin hypothesis to the Dnieper-Donets basin and its inspiration to oilfield exploration in China[J]. Geology in China, 2012, 39(5): 1117-1124(in Chinese with English abstract).
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无机生油假说在第聂伯—顿涅茨盆地的应用及其对中国找寻油气的启示
袁学诚
作者单位
袁学诚 中国地质调查局发展研究中心 北京 100037 
摘要:
提要:本文是在第聂伯—顿涅茨盆地北肩利用现代无机生油假说寻找油气田的一个成功范例。第聂伯—顿涅茨盆地是一个晚泥盆世裂谷盆地,堆积石炭纪到早二叠世裂谷后沉积。在第聂伯—顿涅茨盆地内可识别包含整个连续沉积在内的一套完整的石油岩系。但其北肩长达45年的研究,都认为无论从沉积、变质及岩浆岩对找油都是不利的。它缺乏“源岩”,并出现活动的强对流承压水。用深部源无机生油的观点重新研究获得了数十个油气田。本文还讨论了这个实例对中国利用无机生油假说寻找油气田的启示。
关键词:  无机生油假说  第聂伯-顿涅茨盆地  中国东部盆地
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:中国地质调查局“中国地质构造区划综合研究与区域地质调查综合集成”项目(1212010811033)资助。
The application of abiogenetic petroleum origin hypothesis to the Dnieper-Donets basin and its inspiration to oilfield exploration in China
YUAN Xue-cheng
Abstract:
Abstract:This paper describes a success example for exploration of oil and gas field on the northern shoulder of the Dnieper-Donets basin. The Dnieper-Donets basin was a late Devonian rifting basin, deposited post-rifting sediments from Carboniferous to early Permian. In the first 45 year period of the geological study of the northern shoulder of the Dnieper-Donets basin, its sedimentation, metamorphism and igneous rock had been condemned as possessing no potential for petroleum production for reasons of the complete absence of "source rock" and the presence of active, strongly-circulating artesian waters. Later, however, great achievements in oil and gas exploration in this area was obtained by application of the modern theory of deep, abiotic hydrocarbon origins. The inspiration to exploration of oil and gas field in China is also discussed in this paper
Key words:  abiogenetic petroleum origin hypothesis  Dnieper-Donets basin, basins in eastern China