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引用本文:刘晓菲1 袁顺达2 吴胜华2 郭 硕1 原垭斌1. 湖南金船塘锡铋矿床矿物化学特征及其地质意义[J]. 中国地质, 2012, 39(6): 1759-1777.
LIU Xiao-fei1, YUAN Shun-da2, WU Sheng-hua2, GUO Shuo1, YUAN Ya-bin1. Mineralogical chemistry of the Jinchuantang tin-bismuth deposit in Hunan Province and its geological significance[J]. Geology in China, 2012, 39(6): 1759-1777(in Chinese with English abstract).
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湖南金船塘锡铋矿床矿物化学特征及其地质意义
刘晓菲1 袁顺达2 吴胜华2 郭 硕1 原垭斌1
作者单位
刘晓菲1 袁顺达2 吴胜华2 郭 硕1 原垭斌1 1.中国地质大学地球科学院与资源学院北京 100083; 2.中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所北京 100037 
摘要:
提要:金船塘锡铋矿床是东坡矿田内一以锡铋为主的大型矽卡岩型多金属矿床,迄今为止对其矽卡岩矿物学特征的系统研究较少。本文以金船塘锡铋矿床主要矽卡岩矿物为研究对象,利用电子探针技术对该矿矽卡岩矿物学特征进行了研究。电子探针分析结果表明:金船塘锡铋矿床的矽卡岩中的石榴子石主要为钙铝榴石-钙铁榴石系列,含少量的锰铝榴石,辉石为透辉石-钙铁辉石系列,角闪石主要为铁镁钙闪石,其次为钙镁闪石、阳起石和透闪石,表明该区的矽卡岩为钙质矽卡岩,含少量的锰质矽卡岩。同时,根据矽卡岩矿物学特征的研究,笔者进一步探讨了该矿床锡石的沉淀机制:早期矽卡岩阶段的氧逸度较高,Sn主要以Sn4+的形式替代Fe3+存在于石榴子石中,而在晚期矽卡岩阶段由于氧逸度的降低,Sn主要以Sn2+的形式呈氯的络合物在流体中迁移,由于流体的温度、盐度、pH和氧逸度的变化,Sn2+被氧化成Sn4+,导致锡石沉淀。
关键词:  矽卡岩  矿物学  金船塘  湖南
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:国家重点基础研究课题(2012CB416704)、中央级公益性科研院所基本业务费专项资金(K1204)、国家自然基金项目(40903020,41173052)及公益性行业基金“柿竹园钨锡钼铋多金属矿科研基地研究”(200911007-11)联合资助。
Mineralogical chemistry of the Jinchuantang tin-bismuth deposit in Hunan Province and its geological significance
LIU Xiao-fei1, YUAN Shun-da2, WU Sheng-hua2, GUO Shuo1, YUAN Ya-bin1
Abstract:
Abstract:The Jinchuantang deposit is a large-size skarn-type tin-bismuth deposit in the Dongpo ore field. Little is known about the mineralogical characteristics of the skarn in the Jinchuantang deposit. Based on microscopic observations and electron microprobe analyses, the authors investigated in detail compositional characteristics of skarn minerals in the Jinchuantang tin-bismuth deposit. The results show that the end member of the garnet is composed mainly of grossularite and andradite, followed by spessartite. The composition of pyroxene is dominated by diopside, with minor hedenbergite. The amphibole comprises mainly ferrotschermakite, followed by tschermakite, actinolite and tremolite. Based on the above data, the authors hold that skarn in the Jinchuantang tin-bismuth deposit is mainly calcareous skarn, with minor manganoan skarn. According to the characteristics of skarn minerals, this paper has further discussed the mechanism of cassiterite precipitation, and considered that tin probably replaced Fe3+ in the form of Sn4+ in the octahedron of crystal structure of andradite at the early skarn stage due to the relatively high oxygen fugacity. At the late skarn stage, however, tin dominantly existent as Sn (II) chloro-complex species was transported in fluid with the decrease of the oxygen fugacity. In the process of fluid evolution, the changes of the temperature, salinity, pH and oxygen fugacity were responsible for cassiterite precipitation because the Sn2+ was oxidized to Sn4+.
Key words:  skarn  mineralogy  Jinchuantang  Hunan