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引用本文:刘 飞1,2 杨经绥1 陈松永1 李兆丽1 连东洋1,3 周文达1,3 张 岚4. 雅鲁藏布江缝合带西段基性岩地球化学和Sr-Nd-Pb同位素特征:新特提斯洋内俯冲的证据[J]. 中国地质, 2013, 40(3): 742-755.
LIU Fei1,2, YANG Jing-sui1, CHEN Song-yong1, LI Zhao-li1, LIAN Dong-yang1,3, ZHOU Wen-da1,3, ZHANG Lan4. Geochemistry and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopic composition of mafic rocks in the western part of Yarlung Zangbo suture zone:Evidence for intra-oceanic supra-subduction within the Neo-Tethys[J]. Geology in China, 2013, 40(3): 742-755(in Chinese with English abstract).
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雅鲁藏布江缝合带西段基性岩地球化学和Sr-Nd-Pb同位素特征:新特提斯洋内俯冲的证据
刘 飞1,2 杨经绥1 陈松永1 李兆丽1 连东洋1,3 周文达1,3 张 岚41,2,3,4
1.大陆构造与动力学国家重点实验室,中国地质科学院地质研究所,北京100037;2.东华理工大学核资源与环境省部共建国家重点实验室培育基地,江西 南昌 330013;3.中国地质大学(武汉)地球科学学院,湖北 武汉 430074;4.中国地质大学(北京)地球科学与资源学院,北京 100083
摘要:
提要:普兰蛇绿岩位于雅鲁藏布江缝合带西段,面积约650 km2,主要由方辉橄榄岩、含单辉方辉橄榄岩和透镜状纯橄岩组成,缺失堆晶岩和枕状熔岩等洋壳端元。方辉橄榄岩中普遍发育辉绿岩和辉石岩脉,地幔橄榄岩上部被块状玄武岩、玄武质火山碎屑岩、粉砂质泥岩、硅质岩和硅质灰岩覆盖。辉绿岩低K、Ti,球粒陨石标准化REE配分曲线具有N-MORB特征,富集LILE(K、Sr、Rb),亏损HFSE(U、Th、Nb),(143Nd/144Nd)t=0.512904~0.512909,εNd(t)=+8.6~+8.7,(87Sr/86Sr)t=0.704893~0.705310,显示俯冲带弧后盆地环境的特征。对比前人研究,认为雅鲁藏布江缝合带普遍存在洋内俯冲作用,但开始俯冲的时间不同:雅鲁藏布江缝合带中西段开始于早白垩世,而东段开始于中侏罗世。
关键词:  雅鲁藏布江缝合带  普兰蛇绿岩  新特提斯  辉绿岩  Sr-Nd-Pb同位素
DOI:
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基金项目:本文得到国家行业专项(SinoProbe-05-02)、国家自然科学基金重点项目(40930313)、中国地质调查局工作项目 (1212011121263,1212011121272)、国家自然科学基金创新群体项目(40921001)、核资源与环境省部共建国家重点实验室培育基地项目(NRE1204)联合资助。
Geochemistry and Sr-Nd-Pb isotopic composition of mafic rocks in the western part of Yarlung Zangbo suture zone:Evidence for intra-oceanic supra-subduction within the Neo-Tethys
LIU Fei1,2, YANG Jing-sui1, CHEN Song-yong1, LI Zhao-li1, LIAN Dong-yang1,3, ZHOU Wen-da1,3, ZHANG Lan41,2,3,4
1. State Key Laboratory for Continental Tectonic and Dynamics, Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China;2.State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Nuclear Resources and Environment, East China Institute of Technology, Nanchang 330013, China;3. Faculty of Earth Sciences, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, China;4.School of Earth Science and Mineral Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
Abstract:
Abstract:Ophiolites that discontinuously crop out along the Yarlung-Zangbo suture zone (YZSZ) are remnants of Neo-Tethyan ocean lithosphere emplaced during subduction of the Indian plate beneath Eurasia. The Purang massif is one of the largest ophiolites in the western part of the suture with exposed area of about 650 km2 and consists dominantly of harzburgites, minor Cpx- harzburgites and dunites as well as a series of uppermost crustal rocks (siliceous limestone, siliceous shale, chert, basaltic lavas, and pyroclastic rocks), without cumulate rocks and pillow lava. In the northwestern part of the massif, peridotites were intruded by diabase dykes and sills. The diabases show N-MORB type REE patterns with (143Nd/144Nd)t being 0.512904~ 0.512909 and εNd(t) +8.6~+8.7, and are characterized by LILE (mainly K, Sr, Rb) enrichment and noticeable Nb, Th and U negative anomalies. They have a supra-subduction affinity and were formed in a back-arc basin setting. A comparison with other YZSZ ophiolites suggests that various intra-oceanic supra-subduction events within the Neo-Tethys began in different periods. The oceanic crust of the eastern part of YZSZ was formed in about Middle Jurassic in the back-arc basin, while those in central and western segments were formed in about Early Cretaceous above the SSZ setting.
Key words:  Yarlung Zangbo suture zone  Purang ophiolite  Neo-Tethys  diabase  Sr-Nd-Pb isotope