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引用本文:孙东生1 林为人2 王连捷1 崔军文3 王 薇1 黄 尧4. 汶川地震断裂带科学钻一号孔ASR法地应力测量[J]. 中国地质, 2013, 40(3): 840-845.
SUN Dong-sheng1, LIN Wei-ren2, WANG Lian-jie1, CUI Jun-wen3, WANG Wei1, HUANG Yao4. In-situ stress measurement by the anelastic strain recovery method in WFSD-1[J]. Geology in China, 2013, 40(3): 840-845(in Chinese with English abstract).
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汶川地震断裂带科学钻一号孔ASR法地应力测量
孙东生1 林为人2 王连捷1 崔军文3 王 薇1 黄 尧41,2,3,4,5
1.国土资源部新构造运动与地质灾害重点实验室;2.中国地质科学院地质力学研究所,北京 100081;3.2.Kochi Institute for Core Sample Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Nankoku, 783-8502, Japan;4.3.大陆构造和动力学国家重点实验室,中国地质科学院地质研究所,北京,100037;5.4.江苏省地矿局第六地质大队六队,江苏 东海 222341
摘要:
提要:大地震后发震断裂附近的应力状态是认识和理解地震机理的重要参数。5.12汶川地震后,我国开展了基于地震机理研究的汶川地震断裂带科学钻探项目(Wenchuan Earthquake Fault Scientific Drilling Project,简称WFSD),为研究震后龙门山断裂带附近深部应力状态提供了条件。本文主要介绍适合深部应力测量的非弹性应变恢复法 (Anelastic strain recovery method,简称ASR法) 的测试设备和流程,并利用ASR法对WFSD-1号钻孔岩心进行了原地应力测量,取得了该钻孔424~1173 m深度范围内7个岩心样品的非弹性应变恢复实测数据,并根据成像测井对岩心进行了定向,确定了原地应力方向,估算了原地应力的大小。WFSD-1钻孔最大主应力的方位为NW69°~NW35°,主应力的大小随深度的增加而增大。
关键词:  汶川地震断裂带科学钻探  地应力  非弹性恢复法  测量仪器及流程
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:国家科技支撑——汶川地震断裂带科学钻探井中探测项目(2008wfsd-03),日本学术振兴会(JSPS)基金(基盘B海外-22403008) 共同资助。
In-situ stress measurement by the anelastic strain recovery method in WFSD-1
SUN Dong-sheng1, LIN Wei-ren2, WANG Lian-jie1, CUI Jun-wen3, WANG Wei1, HUANG Yao41,2,3,4,5
1.Key Laboratory of Neotectonic Movement and Geohazard, Ministry of Land and Resources;2.Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;3.2. Kochi Institute for Core Sample Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC),Nankoku,783-8502,Japan;4.3. State key Laboratory for Continental Tectonics and Dynamics, Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China;5.4. No. 6 Geological Party, Jiangsu Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, Donghai 222341, Jiangsu, China
Abstract:
Abstract:The in-situ stress state of seismogenic fault after a strong earthquake is one of the important parameters for understanding the mechanism of the earthquake. The Wenchuan earthquake Fault Scientific Drilling project (WFSD) is a rapid response to the 2008 Ms 8.0 Wenchuan earthquake, which provided the test rock core for recognizing the stress state of the depth of Longmenshan fault on the eastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau. This paper focuses on the measuring instruments and processes of the anelastic strain recovery method (ASR) for the deep in-situ stress measurement. The anelastic recovery strains of seven different deep cores are in the range of 424-1173m in WFSD-1. The direction and magnitude of principal stress were determined and estimated, respectively. The dominant azimuths of maximum principal stress are between NW69° and NW35°, and the magnitude of principal stress increases with the increasing depth.
Key words:  Wenchuan Fault Scientific Drilling(WFSD)  in situ stress  anelastic strain recovery method (ASR)  measuring instruments and processes