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引用本文:滕吉文 张永谦 司 芗 马学英 闫雅芬. 新疆经济发展与资源、灾害和构筑西亚—西欧海陆大通道的思考[J]. 中国地质, 2013, 40(5): 1329-1350.
TENG Ji-Wen, ZHANG Yong-Qian, SI Xiang, MA Xue-Ying, YAN Ya-Fen. Some thought on the building of the base of the development of economy and mineral resources and prevention of earthquakes in Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang for the construction of the marine-continental channel of western Asia and western Europe[J]. Geology in China, 2013, 40(5): 1329-1350(in Chinese with English abstract).
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新疆经济发展与资源、灾害和构筑西亚—西欧海陆大通道的思考
滕吉文 张永谦 司 芗 马学英 闫雅芬
作者单位
滕吉文 张永谦 司 芗 马学英 闫雅芬 中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所北京100029 
摘要:
提要:新疆维吾尔自治区地处中国西部边陲,地域广阔,少数民族众多且聚居,金属矿产资源、石油、天然气、煤等能源矿产十分丰富,在经济与文化上相对欠发达。其经济发展和建设在中国新疆可持续发展的进程中有着极大的潜力。目前,应当清晰地看到新疆的矿产资源勘探和开发尚处在一片混乱与无序之中,基础设施和研究、整体发展方针和科学布局尚十分不足。由于目前资源、能源勘探和开采进程仍属初期阶段,涉及的探查深度还很浅(即第一深度空间:0~500 m),而第二深度空间(500~2000 m)的金属矿产资源尚有待勘探与探查环境的改善。当今在先进技术引进、应用和高新科技人才凝集力度上还急待增强和迅速发展与改善。还应当指出,新疆、特别是天山地震带具有发生大地震的潜在危险性。这充分表明,新疆维吾尔自治区在经济和社会发展进程中已具备了必要条件,但尚不具备可实施的充分条件。当然经济要发展,社会要进步,则必须具备必要和充分条件及二者有机的耦合和不断完善。为此走跨越式的发展道路已为必然,且必将成为建设新疆的动力源泉。在这样的前提下,在党中央和国务院提出的国家战略需求和自主创新的方针指导下,新疆应当怎样发展,本文简要讨论了四个方面的问题:(1)中国西域安全、稳定的社会和经济发展轨迹与资源战略后备基地;(2)加强自治区与周边地带地震活动监测与抗震及预测;(3)打造喀什大商埠、构筑西亚—西欧海陆科技、商贸与文化交流大通道的思考;(4)强化自治区内一体化信息与传媒体系的一元化和和谐文化建设。
关键词:  新疆  跨越式发展  资源与灾害  一元化和谐文化建设  战略后备基地  西亚—西欧海陆大通道
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金重点项目(41130419)资助。
Some thought on the building of the base of the development of economy and mineral resources and prevention of earthquakes in Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang for the construction of the marine-continental channel of western Asia and western Europe
TENG Ji-Wen, ZHANG Yong-Qian, SI Xiang, MA Xue-Ying, YAN Ya-Fen
Abstract:
Abstract:Located in Northwest China, Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang possesses rich land, metal minerals, coal, and oil and gas energy resources; nevertheless, its culture and economic development is not very satisfactory. Xinjiang has great potential in making contribution to the economic and sustainable development of China. What we should understand clearly is that the exploration and development of the mineral resources in Xinjiang is still not in a good arrangement, and the basic facilities and researches are lack of development policy and scientific arrangement as a whole. As the exploration and development of resources and energy are still at the initial stage in Xinjiang, the exploration depth remains rather shallow (i.e., in the first depth space of 0~500 m), and the exploration in the second depth space (500~2000 m) is highly demanded. The authors point out that earthquakes are very active in Xinjiang and there exists potential danger of strong earthquakes in the Tianshan earthquake belt. Nowadays, we should pay much attention to the introduction of advanced technologies and the cohesion of high-tech talents. That is to say, Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang has only the necessary conditions but fails to have the sufficient conditions at present. To develop the economy and societiy in Xinjiang, we need the coupling and perfecting of both the necessary and the sufficient conditions. Therefore, the leapfrog development is not only the only way but also the power source to develop Xinjiang. On such a basis, this paper deals in brief with four aspects of problems for the purpose of the development of Xinjiang under the guidance of the national strategy demand and independent innovation suggested by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council:(1)The safe and stable strategy reserve base of the resources and the development of society and economy in western China;(2)The strengthening of the monitoring, prediction and resistance of earthquakes in Xinjiang and its adjacent areas;(3)The building of the Kashi business center and the marine-continental channel for exchange of science and technology, business and trade as well as culture crossing western Asia and Western Europe;(4)The strengthening of the systematic and harmonious culture contribution in Xinjiang.
Key words:  Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang  leapfrog development  resources and disasters  harmonious culture contribution  strategy reserve base of mineral resources  marine-continental channel crossing Western Asia and Western Europe