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引用本文:张万益1,2 聂凤军3 刘树文1 左力艳2 陕 亮2 姚晓峰2. 大兴安岭南段西坡金属矿床特征及成矿规律[J]. 中国地质, 2013, 40(5): 1583-1599.
ZHANG Wan-Yi1,2, NIE Feng-Jun3, LIU Shu-wen2, ZUO Li-Yan2, SHAN Liang2, YAO Xiao-Feng2. Characteristics and metallogenic regularities of ore deposits on the western slope of the southern section of the Da Hinggan Mountains metallogenic belt[J]. Geology in China, 2013, 40(5): 1583-1599(in Chinese with English abstract).
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大兴安岭南段西坡金属矿床特征及成矿规律
张万益1,2 聂凤军3 刘树文1 左力艳2 陕 亮2 姚晓峰2
作者单位
张万益1,2 聂凤军3 刘树文1 左力艳2 陕 亮2 姚晓峰2 1. 北京大学地球与空间科学学院北京 1008712.中国地质调查局发展研究中心北京 1000373. 中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所北京 100037 
摘要:
提要:通过对大兴安岭南段西坡典型矿床地质特征、矿床成因等研究,总结了区内金属矿床的成矿规律。结果表明,大兴安岭南段西坡不同产状的岩矿石中金属硫化物样品硫同位素δ34S值大部分在+1‰~+8‰,硫主要来源于岩浆硫,有少部分沉积硫参与。硫化物样品206Pb/204Pb、 207Pb/204Pb和208Pb/204Pb比值变化范围分别为17.949~18.529,15.370~15.691和37.653~38.460,铅同位素主要为幔源。成矿元素以铁、银、铅、锌、金、铜、钼等为主,矿床类型主要有矽卡岩型和中低温热液型两类,均明显受地层、构造和岩浆岩作用控制。一般来说,金属矿床的容矿围岩为奥陶系、泥盆系和石炭系火山-沉积岩,且以泥盆纪地层为主,在碳酸盐岩地段花岗岩类交代围岩形成矽卡岩型矿床,在泥质板岩、砂岩等地段则形成中低温热液矿床。NE向和NW向的张性断裂为重要的导矿通道或容矿构造。矿床在时空分布和成因上与海西期至燕山期花岗岩类侵入岩体有关。
关键词:  铜铅锌矿  铁矿  成矿规律  硫铅同位素  大兴安岭  内蒙古
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:中国地质调查局地质矿产调查评价专项资助项目(1212011085534)部分成果。
Characteristics and metallogenic regularities of ore deposits on the western slope of the southern section of the Da Hinggan Mountains metallogenic belt
ZHANG Wan-Yi1,2, NIE Feng-Jun3, LIU Shu-wen2, ZUO Li-Yan2, SHAN Liang2, YAO Xiao-Feng2
Abstract:
Abstract:Located in Chagan Obo-Aououte-Chaobuleng area along the southern edge of the Siberian plate, the study area on the western slope of the southern section of the Da Hinggan Mountains metallogenic belt (northern Dong Ujimqin Banner of Inner Mongolia ) is controlled by multiple subduction, collision and connection of North China platform, and characterized by widely exposed Paleozoic volcanic-sedimentary rocks, complex structures, all kinds of intense magmatic activities, and widespread ore deposits and ore spots. The study area has special favorable geological structure and setting for mineralization. On the basis of geological survey, the authors studied geological features of ore deposits and genesis of typical deposits, and summarized metallogenic regularities of this area. The results show that there are many kinds of ore deposits such as iron, silver, copper, lead, zinc, gold, and molybdenum. The δ34S values of typical deposits vary from +1‰ to +8.6‰. The sulfur isotope compositions show different sources. The 206Pb/204Pb, 207Pb/204Pb and 208Pb/204Pb ratios of different samples vary in ranges of 17.949~18.529, 15.370~15.691 and 37.653~38.460, respectively. The lead isotope compositions indicate that the sources of lead were wall rocks and granites. The main types of ore deposits were skarn deposits and medium-low temperature hydrothermal deposits, which were significantly affected by formation, structure and magma. In general, the wall rocks of metal deposits were Ordovician, Devonian and Carboniferous volcanic- sedimentary rocks. Skarn deposits were formed near the contact zone between the carbonate and granite, while medium-low temperature hydrothermal deposits were formed in argillite and sandstone without carbonate. NE- and NW-trending faults were important ore channels or places for ore storage. The regional ore deposits in the study area were formed in three periods, i.e. Hercynian, Indosinian and Yanshanian. They were closely related to granite intrusions in temporal and spatial distribution.
Key words:  copper lead zinc ores  iron ores  metallogenic regularities  sulfur and lead isotope  Da Hinggan Mountains  Inner Mongolia