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引用本文:姜月华,林良俊,陈立德,倪化勇,葛伟亚,成杭新,翟刚毅,王贵玲,班宜忠,李媛,雷明堂,谭成轩,苏晶文,周权平,张泰丽,李云,刘红樱,彭柯,王寒梅. 长江经济带资源环境条件与重大地质问题[J]. 中国地质, 2017, 44(6): 1045-1061.
JIANG Yuehua,LIN Liangjun,CHEN Lide,NI Huayong,GE Weiya,CHENG Hangxin,ZHAI Gangyi,WANG Guiling,BAN Yizhong,LI Yuan,LEI Mingtang,TAN Chengxuan,SU Jingwen,ZHOU Quanping,ZHANG Taili,LI Yun,LIU Hongying,PENG Ke,WANG Hanmei. Research on conditions of resources and environment and major geological problems in the Yangtze River Economic Zone[J]. Geology in China, 2017, 44(6): 1045-1061(in Chinese with English abstract).
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长江经济带资源环境条件与重大地质问题
姜月华1, 林良俊2, 陈立德3, 倪化勇4, 葛伟亚1, 成杭新5, 翟刚毅6, 王贵玲7, 班宜忠1, 李媛8, 雷明堂9, 谭成轩10, 苏晶文1, 周权平1, 张泰丽1, 李云1, 刘红樱1, 彭柯3, 王寒梅11
1.中国地质调查局南京地质调查中心, 南京 210016;2.中国地质调查局水环部, 北京 100037;3.中国地质调查局武汉地质调查中心, 湖北 武汉 430205;4.中国地质调查局成都地质调查中心, 四川 成都 610081;5.中国地质科学院地球物理地球化学勘查研究所, 河北廊坊 065000;6.中国地质调局油气资源调查中心, 北京 100029;7.中国地质科学院水文地质环境地质研究所, 河北石家庄 050061;8.中国地质环境监测院, 北京 100081;9.中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所, 桂林 541004;10.中国地质科学院地质力学研究所, 北京 100081;11.上海市地质调查研究院, 上海 200072
摘要:
本文系统梳理了长江经济带以往地质研究成果,对长江经济带资源环境条件和国土规划建设中应关注的重大地质问题进行了研究。研究结果表明,长江经济带耕地、页岩气、地热、锂等资源条件优越,0.3亿hm2无重金属污染耕地集中分布,拥有3个国家级页岩气勘查开发基地,探明储量5441亿m3,每年地热可利用量折合标准煤2.4亿t,相当于2014年燃煤量的19%,发现亚洲最大的能源金属锂矿床,资源环境条件有利于发展现代农业、清洁能源产业和战略新兴产业;长江经济带部分地区存在活动断裂、岩溶塌陷、地面沉降、滑坡崩塌泥石流等重大地质问题,影响过江通道、高速铁路、城市群和绿色生态廊道规划建设,应予以关注,本文提出了相关建议和对策,同时,提出了下一步支撑服务长江经济带发展地质工作设想。
关键词:  长江经济带  资源环境条件  重大地质问题  环境地质  水文地质  灾害地质
DOI:10.12029/gc20170601
分类号:P64;P66;P694
基金项目:国土资源部中国地质调查局长江经济带地质环境综合调查工程(工批2015-03-02)和中国地质调查局长三角南京-上海-温州城镇规划区1:5万环境地质调查项目(DD20160246)联合资助。
Research on conditions of resources and environment and major geological problems in the Yangtze River Economic Zone
JIANG Yuehua1, LIN Liangjun2, CHEN Lide3, NI Huayong4, GE Weiya1, CHENG Hangxin5, ZHAI Gangyi6, WANG Guiling7, BAN Yizhong1, LI Yuan8, LEI Mingtang9, TAN Chengxuan10, SU Jingwen1, ZHOU Quanping1, ZHANG Taili1, LI Yun1, LIU Hongying1, PENG Ke3, WANG Hanmei11
1.Nanjing Geological Survey Center, China Geological Survey, Nanjing 10016, Jiangsu, China;2.Water and Environment Department, China Geological Survey, Beijing 100037 China;3.Wuhan Geological Survey Center of China Geological Survey, Wuhan 430205, Hubei, China;4.Chengdu Geological Survey Center of China Geological Survey, Chengdu 610081 Sichuan, China;5.Institute of Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Langfang 065000, Hebei, China;6.Oil and Gas Survey, China Geological Survey, Beijing 100029, China;7.Institute of Hydrogeology and Environmental Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Shijiazhuang, 050061, Hebei, China;8.China Institute of Geo-environmental Monitoring, Beijing 100081, China;9.Institute of Karst Geology, Chinese Aacademy of Geological Sciences, Guilin 541004, Guangxi, China;10.Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;11.Shanghai Geological Survey Research Institute, Shanghai 200072, China
Abstract:
The previous geological research work in the Yangtze River Economic Zone is systematically summed up and arranged in this paper. Resources and environment conditions and major geological problems which have aroused much attention in the construction and the territorial planning in the Yangtze River Economic Zone are studied. The research results show that the resource conditions of cultivated land, shale gas, geothermal resources, llithium etc. are very favorable in the Yangtze River Economic Zone:30 million hm2 farmlands without heavy metal pollution exhibit concentrated distribution; there are three national shale gas exploration and development bases with explored reserves of 544.1 billion cubic meters; available geothermal resources amount to 240 million tons of standard coal per year, equivalent to 19% of the amount of coal consumption in 2014; the largest energy lithium metal ore deposit in Asia was found; resources and environment conditions are favorable for the development of modern agriculture industry, clean energy and strategic emerging industries. Nevertheless, in some parts of the Yangtze River Economic Zone, there exist some major geological problems such as active faults, karst collapse, ground subsidence, and landslide-collapse-debris flow, which affect the river-crossing channels, high-speed railway, urban groups and green ecological corridor planning and construction. The authors point out that these problems deserve much attention. For this, the relevant suggestions and countermeasures are put forward. At the same time, the paper puts forward the idea of further supporting the development of the Yangtze River Economic Zone.
Key words:  Yangtze River Economic Zone  resource and environmental conditions  major geological problems  environmental geology  hydrogeology  disaster geology