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引用本文:许安涛,李凤杰,刘奎,向鹏飞,赵晨圆,胡鹏. 北川甘溪下泥盆统风暴岩沉积特征及其沉积模式[J]. 中国地质, 2018, 45(5): 1049-1061.
XU Antao,LI Fengjie,LIU Kui,XIANG Pengfei,ZHAO Chenyuan,HU Peng. The characteristics and sedimentary model of Storm deposits in the Lower Devonian strata of Beichuan[J]. Geology in China, 2018, 45(5): 1049-1061(in Chinese with English abstract).
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北川甘溪下泥盆统风暴岩沉积特征及其沉积模式
许安涛1,2,3, 李凤杰4, 刘奎1,2,3, 向鹏飞5, 赵晨圆3, 胡鹏3
1.中国科学院南海海洋研究所, 中国科学院边缘海与大洋地质重点实验室, 广东 广州 510301;2.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;3.成都理工大学能源学院, 四川 成都 610059;4.成都理工大学沉积地质研究院, 四川 成都 610059;5.中国石油大学(北京) 地球科学学院, 北京 102249
摘要:
依据风暴沉积野外剖面实测资料,通过对北川下泥盆统甘溪组和谢家湾组风暴沉积野外剖面结构和沉积演化等的研究,建立了该区风暴沉积序列模式及分布模式。北川甘溪下泥盆统广泛发育侵蚀冲刷面、渠模构造、生物介壳滞留沉积、丘状交错层理和生物成因构造等风暴沉积构造,其中发育3类风暴沉积与7类风暴沉积序列。研究区广泛发育的风暴沉积具有良好的古气候和古地理意义,亦为前人提出的扬子板块北移和北川早泥盆世所处的温暖热带-亚热带气候环境提供了一定证据。
关键词:  龙门山地区  甘溪剖面  下泥盆统  风暴沉积
DOI:10.12029/gc20180512
分类号:P534.44;P588.2
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(41172100)和四川省大学生创新创业训练计划项目(201510616099)联合资助。
The characteristics and sedimentary model of Storm deposits in the Lower Devonian strata of Beichuan
XU Antao1,2,3, LI Fengjie4, LIU Kui1,2,3, XIANG Pengfei5, ZHAO Chenyuan3, HU Peng3
1.Key Laboratory of Ocean and Marginal Sea Geology, South China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510301, China;2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;3.College of Energy Resources, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China;4.Institute of Sedimentary Geology, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China;5.College of Geosciences, China University of Petroleum, Beijing 102249, China
Abstract:
Based on the actual measurement data of the storm depositional sections in the Lower Devonian strata of Beichuan and the study of section structures and sedimentary evolution of Ganxi Formation and Xiejiawan Formation, the authors established storm depositional sequences and depositional models of the study area. Storm deposits are widely developed in the Lower Devonian strata of Beichuan, and such geological phenomena as the erosion surface, gutter casts, shell lag deposits, parallel bedding, hummocky cross-stratification, biological genesis structures and other storm sedimentary structures are well developed. In the study area, 3 types of storm deposits and 7 types of storm depositional sequences are developed. The storm deposits in the Lower Devonian strata of Beichuan have good significance for the study of palaeolatitude, palaeoclimate and palaeogeography, because they provide proper evidence for the northward movement of Yangtze plate and tropical or subtropical climate environment of Beichuan area in the Early Devonian period.
Key words:  Longmen Mountain area  Ganxi section  Lower Devonian  Storm deposit