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引用本文:潘桂棠1 肖庆辉2 陆松年3 邓晋福4 冯益民5 张克信6 张智勇2 王方国1 邢光福7 郝国杰3 冯艳芳2. 中国大地构造单元划分[J]. 中国地质, 2009, 36(1): 1-28.
PAN Gui-tang1, XIAO Qing-hui2, LU Song-nian3, DEN Jin-fu4, FENG Yi-min5, ZHANG Ke-xin6, ZHANG Zhi-yong2, WANG Fang-guo1, XING Guang-fu7, HAO Guo-Jie3, FENG Yan-fang2. Subdivision of tectonic units in China[J]. Geology in China, 2009, 36(1): 1-28(in Chinese with English abstract).
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中国大地构造单元划分
潘桂棠1 肖庆辉2 陆松年3 邓晋福4 冯益民5 张克信6 张智勇2 王方国1 邢光福7 郝国杰3 冯艳芳2
作者单位
潘桂棠1 肖庆辉2 陆松年3 邓晋福4 冯益民5 张克信6 张智勇2 王方国1 邢光福7 郝国杰3 冯艳芳2 1. 成都地质矿产研究所四川 成都 6100822.中国地质调查局发展研究中心 北京 1000373.天津地质矿产研究所天津 3001704. 中国地质大学(北京) 北京 1000835. 西安地质矿产研究所陕西 西安 7100546. 中国地质大学地质过程与矿产资源国家重点实验室湖北 武汉 4300747. 南京地质矿产研究所江苏 南京 210016 
摘要:
提要:中国大地构造形成演化与大地构造分区研究已有百余年的历史,整体论述中国构造分区,都以不同学派对中国大陆地壳形成演化的不同认识论和方法论,有不同的方案。以黄汲清先生等多旋回构造观、王鸿祯先生等历史大地构造观和李春昱先生等板块构造观的“三大主流大地构造观”为指导思想的大地构造划分方案,是集中国地质构造之大成,在全国起指导作用,影响既广泛且深远。板块构造单元划分是当前板块构造细结构研究的关键问题。它既是板块构造研究的理论问题,也是区域地质研究和成矿预测评价亟待解决的实际问题。本文的大地构造分区图的编制是以地层划分和对比、沉积建造、火山岩建造、侵入岩浆活动、变质变形等地质记录为基础,承接融合中国“三大主流大地构造观”的经典划分理念,在板块构造—地球动力学理论指导下,以成矿规律和矿产能源预测的需求为基点,以不同规模相对稳定的古老陆块区和不同时期的造山系大地构造相环境时空结构分析为主线,以特定区域主构造事件形成的优势大地构造相的时空结构组成和存在状态为划分构造单元的基本原则,划分出中国的大地构造环境主要由陆块区和造山系组成为9个一级构造单元,以及相应的56个二级构造单元。中国大地构造研究还存在一系列重大科学问题,较准确地划分尚需很长时间的不懈努力。
关键词:  大地构造  构造单元  陆块区  造山系  多岛弧盆系
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:国土资源部“全国重要矿产预测评价”项目二级课题“全国重要矿产成矿地质背景研究”(1212010733802)资助。
Subdivision of tectonic units in China
PAN Gui-tang1, XIAO Qing-hui2, LU Song-nian3, DEN Jin-fu4, FENG Yi-min5, ZHANG Ke-xin6, ZHANG Zhi-yong2, WANG Fang-guo1, XING Guang-fu7, HAO Guo-Jie3, FENG Yan-fang2
Abstract:
Abstract: Researches on tectonic formation, evolution and subdivision in China have had a history of more than 100 years. There are several kinds of opinions concerning the tectonic subdivision of China, which are based on different sorts of epistemology and methodology regarding the formation and evolution of the continental crust. Tectonic subdivision blueprints guided by “three mainstream tectonic views” include Mr. Huang Jiqing's polycyclic tectonics, Mr. Wang Hongzhen's historical tectonics and Mr. Li Chunyu's plate tectonics. The ideas of these researchers have been playing a guiding role in this field and hence have had extensive and profound influence in China. Nowadays tectonic subdivision seems to be the key to the research on micro-structures of plates in that it is not only a theoretical problem in the study of plate tectonics but also a practical problem which must be solved immediately so as to help perform studies in such aspects as regional geology, metallogenic prognosis and mineral resources evaluation. In this paper, the tectonic subdivision is based on records of stratigraphic division and correlation, sedimentary formation, volcanics formation, intrusive magmatism, metamorphism and deformation, and consistent with the classic division theory of “three mainstream tectonic views” in China. Guided by theories of plate tectonics and earth dynamics, based on the requirements of metallogenic regularity and mineral energy resource prognosis, and following the main line of spatial-temporal structure analysis of tectonic facies environment of different-sized stable ancient continent block domains and different episodic orogenic systems, the authors have divided the tectonic environment of China into continent block domains and orogenic systems, which include nine first-order tectonic units and fifty-six corresponding second-order tectonic units. As there are a number of major tectonic problems in China that remain to be solved in future, a prolonged painstaking efforts are still needed for more accurate subdivision.
Key words:  tectonics  tectonic unit  continental block domain  orogenic system  composite arc-basin system