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引用本文:陈衍景1,2. 造山型矿床、成矿模式及找矿潜力[J]. 中国地质, 2006, 33(6): 1181-1196.
CHEN Yan-Jing1,2. Orogenic-type deposits and their metallogenic model and exploration potential[J]. Geology in China, 2006, 33(6): 1181-1196(in Chinese with English abstract).
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造山型矿床、成矿模式及找矿潜力
陈衍景1,2
作者单位
陈衍景1,2 1.中国科学院广州地球化学研究所成矿动力学重点实验室广东 广州 5106402.北京大学造山带与地壳演化重点实验室北京 100871 
摘要:
提要:矿床新类型的识别往往导致大批矿床和成矿省的发现,预测和识别矿床新类型是矿床研究的重要任务之一。造山型金矿的普遍性和重要性已被世界范围的大量研究所证明,但其他矿种的造山型矿床却很少被涉及。笔者提出了造山型矿床的概念及其变质流体成矿的实质,建立了矿床、矿田和成矿省等不同尺度的造山型矿床成矿模式及其随时间演化的3阶段模式,强调会聚造山作用的挤压伸展转变期是大规模成矿时间,同造山成矿系统的特点是成矿年龄滞后于造山作用时间。通过矿床实例研究证明了造山型银矿床、铅锌矿床、铜矿床和钼矿床的客观存在,阐明了中国巨大的造山型矿床的勘查潜力,例证了运用矿田尺度成矿模式进行成矿预测的有效性和重要意义。
关键词:  造山型金矿  造山型矿床  增生造山  碰撞造山  成矿模式
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:国家973项目(2006CB4035008)、国家自然科学基金项目(40425006和40352003)以及中国科学院地球化学研究所百人计划项目资助。
Orogenic-type deposits and their metallogenic model and exploration potential
CHEN Yan-Jing1,2
Abstract:
Abstract:Identification of a new type mineralization often leads to discovery of a great number of ore deposits and ore provinces. Predicting and identifying new type mineralizations is an important aim of ore deposit study. To date the majority of orogenic-type gold deposits has been well shown by worldwide studies. However, the other commodities of orogenic-type are rarely discussed. This paper addresses the concept of orogenic-type deposits which formed by fluid systems mainly sourced from metamorphic devolatilization. The paper also develops genetic models for orogenic deposits at various scales, including deposit-, orefield/terrain- and province/orogen-scales. The genetic models are linked to a three-stage tectonic evolution of convergent orogens. According to these models, the transition from compression to extension of thickened accretionary or/and collisional orogens is conducive to mineralizations; and the syn-orogenic ore-systems must be characteristically lagged behind compressional orogenesis. As case studies, orogenic-type silver, lead-zinc, molybdenum and copper deposits are reported in the paper. This implies that China has great potential for orogenic-type deposits. The logics and validity of the metallogenic models are evidenced by introduction of several successful ore deposit prediction.
Key words:  orogenic-type gold deposit  orogenic-type deposit  accretionary orogeny  collisional orogeny  metallogenic model