This paper is the result of natural resource survey engineering.
[Objective]At present, there are many problems, such as the different connotations of natural resources, the differences in classification, the inconsistency in data acquisition, and the overlapping of resources in spatial management caused by the different departments of resource management. We need to solve above-mentioned problems to investigate the situation of resources in China to recognize the variation laws of resource, and to manage utilization of territory.
[Methods]This paper adopted the method of literature review to sort out the definition, classification and observation and monitoring index of natural resources.
[Results](1) We clarified the conception of natural resources under the observation and monitoring system which were resources that could generate value through production in natural state or unprocessed state. They were divided into three categories:Climatic resources, surface cover resources, and groundwater resources; (2) We summarized the object, content and observation method of the comprehensive observation and monitoring of natural resources; (3) We analyzed the role of natural resource observation and monitoring in resources assets management and ecological environment restoration with examples.
[Conclusions]Based on the analysis above, this paper pointed out that natural resources observation and monitoring were indispensable technical means to study the interaction between resources, resources and environment, resource asset management, and ecological environment restoration.
Highlights: (1) Clarify the definition of natural resources and solve the problem of inconsistencies in the management, classification, and data access of natural resources; (2) The content and indicators of natural resource observation and monitoring are analyzed, combined with the "four-in-one" detection technology of systematic survey, observation experiment, prediction simulation, monitoring, and evaluation, effectively grasping the natural resource base, carrying out resource asset management, studying the interrelationship between resources, resources, and the environment, and playing a role in land planning and governance.
付宇佳,谭昌海,刘晓煌,孙兴丽,袁泽民,郑艺文. 自然资源定义、分类，观测监测及其在国土规划治理中的应用[J]. 中国地质, 2022, 49(4): 1048-1063.
FU Yujia, TAN Changhai, LIU Xiaohuang, SUN Xingli, YUAN Zemin, ZHENG Yiwen. Definition, classification, observation and monitoring of natural resources and their application in territorial planning and governance[J]. Geology in China, 2022, 49(4): 1048-1063(in Chinese with English abstract).