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引用本文:张晓西1 杨经绥2 张 惠1 胡郁乐1 苏德辰2. 科学钻探——深化岩石学研究的金钥匙[J]. 中国地质, 2013, 40(3): 681-693.
ZHANG Xiao-xi1, YANG Jing-sui2, ZHANG Hui1, HU Yu-le1, SU De-chen2. Scientific drilling—the golden key to in-depth petrologic study[J]. Geology in China, 2013, 40(3): 681-693(in Chinese with English abstract).
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科学钻探——深化岩石学研究的金钥匙
张晓西1 杨经绥2 张 惠1 胡郁乐1 苏德辰21,2
1. 中国地质大学(武汉),湖北 武汉 430074;2. 中国地质科学院地质研究所,北京 100037
摘要:
提要:岩石学的研究对象是岩石,但离开具体的岩石标本是无法进行岩石学研究的,而要开展深入的岩石学研究,仅仅依靠从地表获取的岩石样品是远远不够的,还需要获得来自地球深处的岩石标本,这就只能依靠钻探工程了。科学钻探可以为岩石学研究提供来自地球深部的岩石样品,而开展对这些来自地球深处、携带大量信息的连续岩心进行系统研究,必然会促进岩石学的发展。而岩石学研究成果又能够为钻探施工提供设计依据,同时,深入的岩石学研究对钻探工程提出的要求还能够促进钻探技术的发展。科学的进步离不开技术的支撑,只有充分重视钻探工程才是真正重视地学研究、重视岩石学研究。
关键词:  科学钻探  岩石学  岩石可钻性  钻探技术
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:深部探测SinoProbe-05(201011064)项目资助。
Scientific drilling—the golden key to in-depth petrologic study
ZHANG Xiao-xi1, YANG Jing-sui2, ZHANG Hui1, HU Yu-le1, SU De-chen21,2
1. China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, China;2. Institute of Geology,Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China
Abstract:
Abstract:Rock is the research object of petrology; nevertheless, if specific rock samples are not sufficient,petrologic research is impossible. In the in-depth study of the petrology,the mere dependence on rock samples obtained from the surface is not enough. The rock samples collected from deep earth are necessary, and the acquisition of such samples can only rely on drilling engineering. Scientific drilling can obtain the rock samples from deep earth, and researches can be carried out on the cores which carry a lot of information concerning the deep earth,and this will surely promote the development of petrology. At the same time,the research results of petrology can provide the basis for the design of drilling engineering. In addition,the in-depth study of the petrology can promote the development of the drilling technology due to its special requirement for drilling cores. Without technical support, the progress of science is impossible. Only by paying full attention to drilling engineering can importance be truly attached to geological study and to the research on petrology.
Key words:  scientific drilling  petrology  rock drillability  drilling technology