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引用本文:裴军令,周在征,李海兵,王焕,刘锋,盛美,赵越. 汶川地震断裂带多次地震活动新证据[J]. 中国地质, 2016, (1): 43-55.
PEI Jun-ling,ZHOU Zai-zheng,LI Hai-bing,WANG Huan,LIU Feng,SHENG Mei,ZHAO Yue. New evidence of repeated earthquakes alongWenchuan earthquake fault zone[J]. Geology in China, 2016, (1): 43-55(in Chinese with English abstract).
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汶川地震断裂带多次地震活动新证据
裴军令1, 周在征1, 李海兵2, 王焕2, 刘锋1, 盛美1, 赵越1
1.国土资源部古地磁与古构造重建重点实验室, 中国地质科学院地质力学研究所, 北京 100081;2.中国地质科学院地质研究所, 北京 100037
摘要:
虹口乡八角庙出露完整的映秀-北川断裂带剖面断层岩,高分辨率磁化率测试揭示出多个具有高磁化率特征的断层岩带。系统的岩石磁学分析证明一层褐色断层岩相对围岩具有最大的磁化率值,存在新生成的磁铁矿和拥有相似的天然剩磁(NRM)和非磁滞剩磁(ARM)强度衰减过程。高磁化率特征是含铁顺磁性矿物受到断层滑移过程产生摩擦生热作用生成磁铁矿所致。同时断层岩还获得了热剩磁,记录了地震活动磁学信息。结合汶川地震科学钻探项目1号孔(WFSD-1)磁化率和岩石磁学研究结果,说明映秀-北川断裂带包含多层具有高磁化率特征的断层岩,暗示了多次强震的发生。具有高磁化率特征的断层岩可以作为判定地震活动的标志之一。
关键词:  汶川地震断裂带  映秀-北川断裂带  断层岩  磁化率  摩擦生热
DOI:10.12029/gc20160102
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41172177,41330211)和国家科技支撑项目"汶川地震断裂带科学钻探"资助。
New evidence of repeated earthquakes alongWenchuan earthquake fault zone
PEI Jun-ling1, ZHOU Zai-zheng1, LI Hai-bing2, WANG Huan2, LIU Feng1, SHENG Mei1, ZHAO Yue1
1.Key Laboratory of Paleomagnetism and Tectonic Reconstruction of Ministry of Land and Resources, Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;2.Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China
Abstract:
High resolution magnetic susceptibility and detailed rock magnetism studies of the Yingxiu-Beichuan fault zone were conduced on the field section at Bajiaomiao, Hongkou Town. The systematic analysis reveals the existence of quite a few high magnetic susceptibility fault rock zones. A brown layer fault rock has the following features:(1) the highest magnetic susceptibility, (2) significant characteristics of magnetite new formation, and (3) similar demagnetization behavior of natural remanent magnetization and anhysteretic remanent magnetization. The principal mechanism responsible for the high magnetic susceptibility of the brown fault rock was most likely caused by the production of new magnetites from iron-bearing paramagnetic minerals. These new magnetites might be formed by frictional heating on slip planes along a seismic fault. Combined with the analytical result of the core from the first drill hole of the Wenchuan Earthquake Fault Scientific Drilling Project (WFSD-1), the authors hold that the presence of high magnetic susceptibility fault gouges in the same country rock can be considered to be an indicator of earthquakes or seismic signatures. Quite a few layers of high magnetic susceptibility fault rocks indicate that strong earthquake repeatedly occurred alongWenchuan earthquake fault zone.
Key words:  Wenchuan earthquake fault zone  Yingxiu-Beichuan fault zone  fault rocks  magnetic susceptibility  frictional heating