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引用本文:林良俊,马震,郭旭,Zhenya Zhang,李亚民. 城市地质学基础理论探讨[J]. 中国地质, 2020, 47(6): 1668-1676.
LIN Liangjun,MA Zhen,GUO Xu,Zhenya Zhang,LI Yamin. Research on basic theory of urban geology[J]. Geology in China, 2020, 47(6): 1668-1676(in Chinese with English abstract).
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城市地质学基础理论探讨
林良俊1,2, 马震1,2, 郭旭1,2, Zhenya Zhang3, 李亚民4
1.中国地质调查局天津地质调查中心, 天津 300170;2.中国地质调查局雄安城市地质研究中心, 北京 100037;3.University of Tsukuba, Japan, 305-8577;4.中国地质环境监测院, 北京 100037
摘要:
城市地质有近百年的研究历史,学科研究取得了很大的进展,但是总体上看,学科性质存在较多的争论,城市地质学基础理论难于满足现代城市管理的需求,无法为城市高质量发展提供系统完整的地学解决方案。本文系统梳理了国内外城市地质的发展历程和研究进展,进一步明确了城市地质学的学科性质,运用系统理论提出城市地质系统的概念,并基于这一概念,清晰地界定了城市地质学的研究对象,阐述了现代城市地质学的研究内容和技术框架,为今后形成完善的城市地质学理论体系提供研究基础。
关键词:  城市地质  学科性质  基础理论  系统科学  城市管理  地质调查工程
DOI:10.12029/gc20200605
分类号:P628
基金项目:中国地质调查局项目(12130024)资助。
Research on basic theory of urban geology
LIN Liangjun1,2, MA Zhen1,2, GUO Xu1,2, Zhenya Zhang3, LI Yamin4
1.Tianjin Center of China Geological Survey, Tianjin 300170, China;2.Xiong'an Urban Geological Research Center of China Geological Survey, Beijing 100037, China;3.University of Tsukuba, Japan, 305-8577;4.China Institute for Geo-Environmental Monitoring, Beijing 100081, China
Abstract:
Urban geology has been developed for nearly one hundred years, and great progress has been made in subject property research. However, in general, there are many controversies about the subject property. In addition, it is difficult for the basic theory of urban geology to meet the needs of modern urban management and hence it can not provide a systematic and complete geoscience solution for high-quality urban development. In this paper, the development and research progress of urban geology were systematically studied. The subject property of urban geology was further clarified and a concept was put forward for urban geological system. On the basis of this concept, the research object of urban geology was clearly defined, and the research content and technical framework of modern urban geology were described. The result obtained by the authors provides a research basis for the formation of a perfect theoretical system of urban geology in the future.
Key words:  urban geology  subject property  basic theory  system science  urban management  geological survey engineering