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引用本文:徐绪东,李凤杰,闫大伟,李春森. 龙门山区北川甘溪剖面泥盆系养马坝组铁质鲕粒成因及其古环境讨论[J]. 中国地质, 2021, 48(1): 322-331.
XU Xudong,LI Fengjie,YAN Dawei,LI Chunsen. Genesis and paleoenvironment of the iron ooids from the Ganxi prolife of the Devonian Yangmaba Formation in Beichuan County, Longmenshan Area[J]. Geology in China, 2021, 48(1): 322-331(in Chinese with English abstract).
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龙门山区北川甘溪剖面泥盆系养马坝组铁质鲕粒成因及其古环境讨论
徐绪东1, 李凤杰2,3, 闫大伟1, 李春森1
1.成都理工大学能源学院, 四川 成都 610059;2.成都理工大学沉积地质研究院, 四川 成都 610059;3.油气藏地质及开发国家重点实验室(成都理工大学), 四川 成都 610059
摘要:
龙门山区中泥盆统养马坝组底部发育丰富的铁质鲕粒。为分析该铁质鲕粒成因,本文以甘溪石沟里剖面精细实测为基础,通过详细的薄片和扫描电镜等分析,对铁质鲕粒的特征进行了研究,分析结果表明:龙门山区北川甘溪泥盆系养马坝组鲕粒类型多样,鲕粒核心包括石英碎屑颗粒、海百合碎片、黑色赤铁矿和方解石等4种类型,鲕粒圈层可分为明暗相间圈层、颜色均匀圈层和绿泥石圈层等3种类型。根据鲕粒核心和外部圈层的组合,可将甘溪泥盆系养马坝组的铁质鲕粒划分为粉砂质鲕粒、铁化鲕粒和绿泥石薄皮鲕粒等3种类型。龙门山区北川甘溪泥盆系养马坝组铁质鲕粒对古环境具有重要的指示意义,粉砂质鲕粒形成于开放近岸浅海氧化环境,而铁化鲕粒和绿泥石薄皮鲕粒则指示浅海滨岸中相对封闭的泻湖与残积鲕粒滩环境。
关键词:  铁质鲕粒  古环境分析  养马坝组  泥盆系  地质调查工程  龙门山区
DOI:10.12029/gc20210122
分类号:P534.44;P588.242
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“龙门山地区泥盆纪土桥子组高频韵律旋回成因及古气候意义研究”(41172100)、国家级大学生创新创业训练计划项目“四川龙门山泥盆纪养马坝组铁质鲕粒成因及其古环境意义”(201710616141)和成都理工大学沉积地质学创新团队基金(KYTD201703)联合资助。
Genesis and paleoenvironment of the iron ooids from the Ganxi prolife of the Devonian Yangmaba Formation in Beichuan County, Longmenshan Area
XU Xudong1, LI Fengjie2,3, YAN Dawei1, LI Chunsen1
1.Energy collage, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, Sichuan, China;2.Institute of Sedimentary Geology, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, Sichuan, China;3.State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, CDUT, Chengdu 610059, Sichuan, China
Abstract:
There exist abundant iron ooids at the bottom of the Middle Devonian Yangmaba Formation in the Longmenshan area. In order to analyze the genesis of the iron ooids, their characteristics were studied by means of thin section and scanning electron microscope based on the detailed measurement of the Shiligou Profile in Ganxi village. The analysis results show that there are various types of ooids in Middle Devonian Yangmaba Formation of Longmenshan area. The ooidal cores include four types:quartz clastic particles, crinoid fragments, black hematite and calcite. The outer laminas of ooids can be divided into three types:alternate dark and bright one, uniform-colored one and chlorite-fragmented one. The iron ooids of Middle Devonian Yangmaba Formation in the Longmenshan area have an important significance to the ancient environment. The silty ooids were formed in the open environment nearshore shallow water under oxidation condition, and iron ones and chlorite ones with thin layers were deposited in the relatively closed lagoon and residual ooids beach of shallow seashore.
Key words:  iron ooids, genesis  paleoenvironment  Yangmaba Formation  Devonian  geological survey engineering  Longmenshan area