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引用本文:许志琴 杨经绥 李海兵 张建新 曾令森 姜 枚. 青藏高原与大陆动力学——地体拼合、碰撞造山及高原隆升的深部驱动力[J]. 中国地质, 2006, 33(2): 221-238.
XU Zhiqin, YANG Jingsui Haibing, LI, ZHANG Jianxin, ZENG Lingsen, JIANG Mei. The plateau and continental dynamics: A QinghaiTibet review on terrain tectonics, collisional orogenesis, and processes and mechanisms For the rise of the plateau[J]. Geology in China, 2006, 33(2): 221-238(in Chinese with English abstract).
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青藏高原与大陆动力学——地体拼合、碰撞造山及高原隆升的深部驱动力
许志琴 杨经绥 李海兵 张建新 曾令森 姜 枚
中国地质科学院地质研究所 国土资源部大陆动力学重点实验室,北京 100037
摘要:
提要:运用地体和地体活动论观点,提出青藏高原结构划分的新方案;强调青藏高原的形成经历了新元古代以来长期活动的过程,青藏高原是一个“非原地”诸多地体会聚、拼合以及经历复合碰撞造山的“造山的高原”;大型走滑断裂在青藏高原形成中起着地体相对位移、侧向挤出、移置及使高原几何形态扭曲的作用。提出青藏高原隆升的 “南缘超深俯冲(>600 km)、北缘陆内俯冲、腹地深部热结构及岩石圈范围内的向NE右旋隆升”的多元驱动力机制。
关键词:  青藏高原  非原地地体拼合  复合碰撞造山  走滑构造  多元驱动力
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:本研究先后得到原地矿部中法“松潘-甘孜造山带造山过程”项目、中法“东昆仑及邻区岩石圈缩短机制研究”项目、国土资源部“祁连山-阿尔金山地质演化及岩石圈剪切作用”、国家自然科学基金重点项目“ 祁连造山带的组成及造山过程”及国土资源部科技专项“青藏高原的碰撞造山及其效应”课题“青藏高原地体边界及岩石圈剪切断裂”的资助。
The plateau and continental dynamics: A QinghaiTibet review on terrain tectonics, collisional orogenesis, and processes and mechanisms For the rise of the plateau
XU Zhiqin, YANG Jingsui Haibing, LI, ZHANG Jianxin, ZENG Lingsen, JIANG Mei
Key Laboratory for Continental Dynamics, MLR, Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China
Abstract:
Abstract:Recent studies on the compositions and structures of multiple terrains within the plateau have offered us an QinghaiTibet opportunity to examine how this plateau was assembled in the context of terrain tectonics. The formation of this plateau resulted from tectonic activities since the late Longterm Paleozoic which is represented by (1) convergence and welding of A number of exotic terrains, and (2) collision induced "orogenic plateaux" and has reached its climax in the Cenozoic. faults (commonly Largescale Strikeslip act as terrain boundary faults) has played a central role in controlling the relative offset, magnitude of lateral extrusion, and the geometry of these terrains. The final assembly and rise of the QinghaiTibet Plateau May result from a combination of contemporaneous processes, e.g. Superdeep subduction (> 600 km) at its southern margin subduction at its northern margin, Intracontinental Inland, deep thermal processes, and lateral uplift of mantle lithosphere. NEtrending Right.
Key words:  Qinghai-Tibet Plateau  “non-in-situ” terrane assembly  compounding-collisional orogeny  strike-slip structure  multi-component driving force