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引用本文:刘 训 游国庆. 中国的板块构造区划[J]. 中国地质, 2015, (1): 1-17.
LIU Xun, YOU Guo-qing. Tectonic regional subdivision of China in the light of plate theory[J]. Geology in China, 2015, (1): 1-17(in Chinese with English abstract).
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中国的板块构造区划
刘 训 游国庆
中国地质科学院地质研究所,北京 100037
摘要:
提要: 20世纪60年代板块构造学说传入中国,为广大地学工作者所接受并应用于相关的地质工作中。在新一代地质志的研究中,以板块学说为主导,已经成为共识。从板块构造来认识,板块的组成包括其核心及边缘。其核心为克拉通,由稳定的陆块组成;边缘包含了不同的活动大陆边缘和被动大陆边缘。边缘在后期板块汇聚的过程中,常由汇聚或碰撞等不同方式而成为不同的造山带。板块之间具有不同形式的汇聚带,其中主要是地壳对接消减带。在地球发展历史的过程中,不同时期的板块构造格局常有很大的变化。因此,本文以古生代的构造格架为主,探讨对中国大陆进行板块构造区划中的一些相关问题,并对全国的区划提出了一个初步方案。此方案将全国划分为7个I级单元(板块),30个II级单元(克拉通和造山带)以及103个III级单元。
关键词:  构造区划  板块学说  克拉通  大陆边缘  造山带  地壳对接消减带
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:中国地质调查局项目“中国构造区划及其在全国地质志中的应用”(1212011120117)资助。
Tectonic regional subdivision of China in the light of plate theory
LIU Xun, YOU Guo-qing
Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing, 100037, China
Abstract:
Abstract:Since the 1960’s,the plate tectonic theory has been widely Prevailing in China. Having been popularly adopted by Chinese geologists, this theory has been applied to different related fields. In the work of new “regional geology”, it has become the dominant idea. The theory of plate tectonics argues that a plate is formed by its core and its margins. Its core is a craton usually made of stable continental massif, whereas its margins include different active and passive continental margins. In the process of convergence of plates, the continental margins became different orogenic belts through their different convergences and collisions. There are different convergent zones between plates, among which the Convergent Crustal Consumption Zone is dominant. In the historical process of crustal development, huge changes of the plate tectonic framework took place. Based on the plate tectonic framework of Paleozoic, the authors discussed some problems concerning the regional subdivicion of China and suggested a tentative plan for regional subdivicion of China in this paper. According to the plan, China is divided into 7 first class units (plates), 30 second class units (cratons and orogenic belts) and 103 third class units.
Key words:  tectonic division  plate tectonic theory  craton  continental margin  orogenic belt  convergent crustal consumption zone