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引用本文:王 津 朱大岗 孟宪刚 邵兆刚 余 佳 韩建恩 孟庆伟 吕荣平. 西藏札达盆地古格组剖面沉积环境演化特征[J]. 中国地质, 2006, 33(5): 1005-1012.
WANG Jin, ZHU Da-gang, MENG Xian-gang, SHAO Zhao-gang, YU Jia, HAN Jian-en, MENG Qing-wei, Lü Rong-ping. Features of the change in Pliocene depositional environment at the Guge Formation section in the Zanda basin, Tibet[J]. Geology in China, 2006, 33(5): 1005-1012(in Chinese with English abstract).
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西藏札达盆地古格组剖面沉积环境演化特征
王 津 朱大岗 孟宪刚 邵兆刚 余 佳 韩建恩 孟庆伟 吕荣平
中国地质科学院地质力学研究所,北京 100081
摘要:
提要:通过对西藏札达盆地古格组剖面的实际调查以及沉积物粒度、磁化率、碳酸盐等环境指标的分析,结合古地磁和ESR法测年资料,探讨了古格组4.4~2.74 Ma的沉积环境变化。分析结果表明4.4 Ma象泉运动以后,札达盆地沉积环境发生了显著变化,沉积环境由前期河流相沉积向湖相沉积转变。形成了厚度达500余米的古格组沉积,反映札达古湖沉积由滨湖—浅湖—半深湖—滨浅湖阶段的变化,即湖泊产生—发展—消亡的全过程。其发育过程与晚新生代以来高原隆升以及气候、环境变化密切相关。
关键词:  西藏  札达盆地  古格组  沉积环境
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:中国地质调查局项目“青藏高原第三纪重点古湖泊环境演变序列”(200313000066)和“青藏高原生态地质环境遥感调查与监测”(200315100002)共同资助。
Features of the change in Pliocene depositional environment at the Guge Formation section in the Zanda basin, Tibet
WANG Jin, ZHU Da-gang, MENG Xian-gang, SHAO Zhao-gang, YU Jia, HAN Jian-en, MENG Qing-wei, Lü Rong-ping
Institute of Geomechanics, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100081,China
Abstract:
Abstract:Based on a field survey and analysis of environmental proxies (magnetic susceptibility, grain size, carbonate content, ESR ages etc.), the paper discusses the change of the depositional environment at the Guge Formation section in the Zanda basin, Tibet, at 4.40-2.74 Ma. The analytical data show that remarkable changes in depositional environment took place in the Zanda basin after the Xiangquan movement at 4.4 Ma: the depositional environment changed from the fluvial facies in the early stage to the lacustrine facies in the late stage, forming a thickness of more than 500 m of sediments of the Guge Formation. It reflects the changes of the sediments in the Zanda paleolake from the lakeshore→shallow lake→semi-deep lake→lakeshore-shallow lake, i.e. the entire process from the emergence→development→extinction of the paleolake. Its growth process is closely related to the plateau uplift and climatic and environmental changes since the late Cenozoic.
Key words:  Tibet  Zanda basin  Guge Formation  depositional environment