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引用本文:殷志强,李瑞敏,李小磊,孟晖,刘琼,杨楠,王轶,仝晓霞,李春燕,高萌萌. 地质资源环境承载能力研究进展与发展方向[J]. 中国地质, 2018, 45(6): 1103-1115.
YIN Zhiqiang,LI Ruimin,LI Xiaolei,MENG Hui,LIU Qiong,YANG Nan,WANG Yi,TONG Xiaoxia,LI Chunyan,GAO Mengmeng. Research progress and future development directions of geo-resources and environment carrying capacity[J]. Geology in China, 2018, 45(6): 1103-1115(in Chinese with English abstract).
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地质资源环境承载能力研究进展与发展方向
殷志强, 李瑞敏, 李小磊, 孟晖, 刘琼, 杨楠, 王轶, 仝晓霞, 李春燕, 高萌萌
中国地质环境监测院, 北京 100081
摘要:
资源环境承载能力研究从起步到现在经历了理论到实践,单要素到综合评价的发展历程,现已成为我国国土空间规划的刚性约束条件。本研究在对国内外资源环境承载能力发展历史研究的基础上,划分了承载能力主要发展的3个主要阶段,即萌芽奠基阶段、应用探索阶段和蓬勃发展阶段;详细讨论了地质环境、地下水资源和矿产资源等地质资源环境承载能力的发展现状及评价、预警指标体系研究进展;最后从基础理论、技术方法、情景模拟和实践应用等四个层次指出了未来资源环境承载能力研究的发展方向,认为建立全国资源环境承载能力动态监测预警机制是支撑国土空间规划和用途管制的有效手段。
关键词:  资源  环境  承载能力  研究进展  发展方向
DOI:10.12029/gc20180602
分类号:X141
基金项目:中国地质调查局地质调查项目(DD20160328)资助。
Research progress and future development directions of geo-resources and environment carrying capacity
YIN Zhiqiang, LI Ruimin, LI Xiaolei, MENG Hui, LIU Qiong, YANG Nan, WANG Yi, TONG Xiaoxia, LI Chunyan, GAO Mengmeng
China Institute of Geo-Environment Monitoring, Beijing, 100081, China
Abstract:
The research on resources and environment carrying capacity is the result of the coupling of resource carrying capacity and environmental carrying capacity. From the beginning to the present, it has experienced the development process from theory to practice and from single factor to comprehensive evaluation, and now has become the rigid constraint on China's land and space planning. On the basis of the historical research on the development of resources and environmental carrying capacity in China and abroad, the authors divide the carrying capability into three main stages, i.e., sprout foundation stage, application exploration stage, and booming development stage. Secondly, the authors discuss the development status and indicator system research progress of geological environment, underground water resources, and mineral resources carrying capacity, and put forward carrying capacity coordination theory of resource and environment. Thirdly, the authors point out that the basic theory, technical methods, scenario simulation and practical application are the detailed directions of China's resources and environmental carrying capacity research aspects in future. Finally, it is believed that the establishment of a nationwide dynamic monitoring and early warning mechanism for resource and environmental carrying capacity is an effective means to support the land and space planning and its usage control in China.
Key words:  resource  environment  carrying capacity  research progress  development direction