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引用本文:张德军,张健,郑月娟,陈树旺,苏飞,黄欣,张海华,甄甄. 内蒙古自治区兴安盟突泉盆地TD-2井晚二叠世孢粉的发现及其油气地质意义[J]. 中国地质, 2020, 47(3): 798-809.
ZHANG Dejun,ZHANG Jian,ZHENG Yuejuan,SU Fei,CHEN Shuwang,HUANG Xin,ZHANG Haihua,ZHEN Zhen. Discovery of Late Permian pollen and spores in TD-2 borehole in Tuquan Basin of Hinggan League of Inner Mongolia and their oil and gas geological implications[J]. Geology in China, 2020, 47(3): 798-809(in Chinese with English abstract).
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内蒙古自治区兴安盟突泉盆地TD-2井晚二叠世孢粉的发现及其油气地质意义
张德军, 张健, 郑月娟, 陈树旺, 苏飞, 黄欣, 张海华, 甄甄
中国地质调查局沈阳地质调查中心, 辽宁 沈阳 110034
摘要:
松辽盆地西缘的突泉盆地是在古生界之上形成的中生代盆地,近年因在侏罗系发现轻质原油而备受关注。然而,对于该盆地古生代下伏地层及其油气资源前景的研究,过去并未系统开展过。本次运用岩石地层、微体化石和烃源岩样品测试分析等方法对突泉盆地南部牤牛海凹陷TD-2井的岩心开展系统分析,TD-2井在中侏罗世万宝组砂砾岩之下发育一套以暗色泥岩、粉砂质泥岩为主的沉积,产孢粉化石19属26种,包括:Leiotriletes adnatus,Punctatisporites debilis,Cyclogranisporites sp.,Alisporites auritus,Al.communis,Al.stenoholcus,Al.sp.?,Klausipollenites schaubergeri,Pityosporites evolutus,Sulcatisporites dalongkouensis,S.ovatus,S.sp.?,Hamiapollenites indistinctus,Lunatisporites tersus,Piceaepollenites opimus,P.sp.,Voltziaceaesporites xinjiangensis,Crucisaccites variosulcatus,Divarisaccus cinctus,Plicatipollenites cf.densus,Parcisporites scabratus,Platysaccus sp.,P.papilionis,Cycadopites caperatus,Samoilovitchisaccites chordens,孢粉指示的地质时代为晚二叠世;烃源岩分析结果显示,这套暗色泥岩、粉砂质泥岩的烃源岩指标较好,具良好的油气资源前景。岩石地层和生物地层综合对比研究表明,TD-2井下部发育的这套以暗色泥岩、粉砂质泥岩为主的细碎屑沉积为晚二叠世林西组,且其具有良好的生烃基础。该发现为研究松辽盆地西缘晚古生代地层序列奠定了基础,对探讨松辽及周边盆地上古生界油气资源具有重要意义。
关键词:  上二叠统  林西组  孢粉  地质调查工程  油气勘查工程  突泉盆地  内蒙古
DOI:10.12029/gc20200317
分类号:Q913.84;P534.46;P618.13
基金项目:中国地质调查局项目(DD20190097)和国家自然科学基金项目(31670215,41702032)联合资助。
Discovery of Late Permian pollen and spores in TD-2 borehole in Tuquan Basin of Hinggan League of Inner Mongolia and their oil and gas geological implications
ZHANG Dejun, ZHANG Jian, ZHENG Yuejuan, SU Fei, CHEN Shuwang, HUANG Xin, ZHANG Haihua, ZHEN Zhen
Shenyang Center of Geological Survey, CGS, Shenyang 110034, Liaoning, China
Abstract:
Tuquan Basin near the west boundary of the Songliao Basin is a Mesozoic sedimentary basin formed above the Paleozoic strata, which has aroused much attention from geologists due to the discovery of light crude oil from the Jurassic strata in recent years. In the past, systematic research on the oil and gas resources from the Paleozoic was very insufficient. In this paper, the methods such as stratigraphic (lithostratic) and sporopollen analysis and source rock test were conducted so as to analyze synthetically the core samples collected from TD-2 well in the Mangniuhai depression of Tuquan Basin. A stratigraphic unit composed of grayish black mudstone and siltstone beneath the Middle Jurassic conglomerate was discovered in TD-2 well, and some spores and pollen were extracted from the unit, which consist of 26 species and 19 genera, including Leiotriletes adnatus,Punctatisporites debilis,Alisporites auritus,A. communis, A. stenoholcus, Klausipollenites schaubergeri, Pityosporites evolutus, Sulcatisporites dalongkouensis, Hamiapollenites indistinctus, Piceaepollenites opimus etc. indicating Late Permian. Combined with the research results such as the stratigraphy (lithostratic) and source rock test, it is reasonably assigned to Late Permian Linxi Formation, and some high-quality source rocks are discovered in this unit. This discovery is significant for confirming the existence of Permian strata in the Tuquan Basin and also for exploring the late Paleozoic oil and gas resources in the Songliao Basin and adjacent regions.
Key words:  Upper Permian  Linxi Formation  spores and pollen  geological survey engineering  oil and gas exploration engineering  Tuquan Basin  Inner Mongolia