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引用本文:姜月华,程和琴,周权平,倪化勇,金阳,梅世嘉,张鸿,顾轩,施斌,顾凯,魏广庆,李云,杨国强,齐秋菊. 重大水利工程对长江中下游干流河槽和岸线地质环境影响研究[J]. 中国地质, 2021, 48(6): 1681-1696.
JIANG Yuehua,CHENG Heqin,ZHOU Quanping,NI Huayong,JIN Yang,MEI Shijia,ZHANG Hong,GU Xuan,SHI Bin,GU Kai,WEI Guangqing,LI Yun,YANG Guoqiang,QI Qiuju. The influence of major water conservancy projects on the geological environment of channel and shoreline in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River[J]. Geology in China, 2021, 48(6): 1681-1696(in Chinese with English abstract).
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重大水利工程对长江中下游干流河槽和岸线地质环境影响研究
姜月华1,2, 程和琴3, 周权平1,2, 倪化勇4, 金阳1,2, 梅世嘉1,2, 张鸿1,2, 顾轩1,2, 施斌5, 顾凯5, 魏广庆6, 李云1,2, 杨国强1,2, 齐秋菊1,2
1.中国地质调查局南京地质调查中心, 江苏 南京 210016;2.自然资源部流域生态地质过程重点实验室, 江苏 南京 210016;3.华东师范大学, 上海 200241;4.中国地质调查局成都地质调查中心, 四川 成都 610081;5.南京大学, 江苏 南京 210023;6.苏州南智传感科技有限公司, 江苏 苏州 215123
摘要:
本文主要采取历史水下地形和水位数据分析、干流河槽现场测量、室内测试和综合评价等方法对重大水利工程影响长江中下游干流河槽和岸线进行了分析和研究,取得如下新进展:(1)创新构建了一套多模态传感器系统,实现陆上和水下一体化水动力、沉积和地貌特征测量与数据采集。(2)调查研究发现,长江干流河槽冲刷强烈,岸线窝崩、条崩发育。(3)悬沙和床沙粗化,河床阻力下降,发育侵蚀型链珠状沙波,长江大桥主桥墩冲刷严重。(4)潮区界显著上移,潮区界变动河段地貌发生重要变化。在此基础上,研究认为应该加强长江中下游干流河槽、沿岸高陡岸坡、支流入汇干流河口、崩岸以及跨江大桥桥墩冲刷等调查、监测和成因机理分析。上述研究成果对长江岸滩防护和修复、航道整治、沿岸防洪、长江大桥桥墩维护等具有重要意义。
关键词:  长江中下游地区  潮区界  崩岸  窝崩  河槽冲刷  侵蚀和淤积  地质调查工程
DOI:10.12029/gc20210602
分类号:P737.1;TV147
基金项目:中国地质调查局长江经济带地质环境综合调查工程(工批2015-03-02、0531、0802)及中国地质调查局项目(DD20190260、DD20160246)联合资助。
The influence of major water conservancy projects on the geological environment of channel and shoreline in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River
JIANG Yuehua1,2, CHENG Heqin3, ZHOU Quanping1,2, NI Huayong4, JIN Yang1,2, MEI Shijia1,2, ZHANG Hong1,2, GU Xuan1,2, SHI Bin5, GU Kai5, WEI Guangqing6, LI Yun1,2, YANG Guoqiang1,2, QI Qiuju1,2
1.Nanjing Center, China Geological Survey, Nanjing 210016, Jiangsu, China;2.Key Laboratory of Watershed Eco-Geological Processes, Ministry of Natural Resources, Nanjing 210016, Jiangsu, China;3.East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241;4.Chengdu Center, China Geological Survey, Chengdu 610081, Sichuan, China;5.Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China;6.Suzhou Nanzhi Sensing Technology Co., Ltd., Suzhou Industrial Park, Suzhou 215123, Jiangsu, China
Abstract:
Based on the analysis of historical underwater topography and water level data, field measurement, laboratory test and comprehensive evaluation, the influence of major water conservancy projects on the channels and shorelines of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River is studied. Some new progresses have been made. Firstly, a multi-mode sensor system was innovatively constructed to integrate the measurements of land and underwater hydrodynamic, sedimentary and geomorphic characteristics and data acquisition. Secondly, it was found that the main channel of the Yangtze River experienced strong erosion, arc collapse, and strip collapse. Thirdly, the hanging sand and bed sand were coarsened. The resistance of the river bed dropped, which caused the forming of the erosion type chain bead sand wave. The main piers of the Yangtze River Bridge were subjected to serious erosion. Finally, the tidal limit obviously moved up, and the geomorphology of the river changed significantly. On this basis, it is suggested that the investigation, monitoring and mechanism analysis should be strengthened on main river channel, high and steep slope along the bank, the estuary where the tributaries join the main stream, bank collapsing, cross-river bridge pier scour and so on. These results are of great significance to the protection and restoration of the bank and beach of the Yangtze River, the waterway regulation, the coastal flood control, and the maintenance of the piers of the Yangtze River Bridge.
Key words:  middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River  tidal limit  bank collapsing  arc collapsing  channel erosion  erosion and deposition  geological survey engineering