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引用本文:王欢,马冰,贾凌霄,于洋,胡嘉修,王为. 碳中和目标下关键矿产在清洁能源转型中的作用、供需分析及其建议[J]. 中国地质, 2021, 48(6): 1720-1733.
WANG Huan,MA Bing,JIA Lingxiao,YU Yang,HU Jiaxiu,WANG Wei. The role, supply and demand of critical minerals in the clean energy transition under carbon neutrality targets and their recommendations[J]. Geology in China, 2021, 48(6): 1720-1733(in Chinese with English abstract).
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碳中和目标下关键矿产在清洁能源转型中的作用、供需分析及其建议
王欢1, 马冰1, 贾凌霄1, 于洋1, 胡嘉修2, 王为3
1.中国地质调查局地学文献中心, 中国地质图书馆, 北京 100083;2.中国地质大学(北京)地球科学与资源学院, 北京 10083;3.东方地球物理公司, 河北 涿州 072751
摘要:
在"碳中和"目标的驱动下,全球能源系统向清洁化、低碳化甚至无碳化发展已是大势所趋。针对向清洁能源转型的需求,采用了统计对比、分类汇总、综合分析等方法,分析研究了关键矿产在电池、电网、低碳发电和氢能等行业中的作用和需求。结合当前关键矿产产量的地理集中度高、项目开发周期长、资源质量下降等矿产供应和投资计划不能满足清洁能源转型的需求等问题,提出确保关键矿产多样性供应,推动价值链各环节的技术创新,扩大回收利用,增强供应链弹性和市场透明度,将更高的环境、社会和治理标准纳入主流程及加强生产者和消费者之间的国际合作等建议。
关键词:  关键矿产  清洁能源转型  矿产需求  碳中和  气候变化  矿产勘查工程
DOI:10.12029/gc20210605
分类号:F426.1;TD98
基金项目:中国地质调查局项目(DD20190414)资助。
The role, supply and demand of critical minerals in the clean energy transition under carbon neutrality targets and their recommendations
WANG Huan1, MA Bing1, JIA Lingxiao1, YU Yang1, HU Jiaxiu2, WANG Wei3
1.Geoscience Documentation Center, CGS, National Geological Library of China, Beijing 100083, China;2.School of Earth Science and Resources, China University of Geosciences(Beijing), Beijing 100083, China;3.Bureau of Geophysical Prospecting, Zhuozhou 072751, Hebei, China
Abstract:
Driven by the goal of "carbon neutrality", it is a general trend for the global energy system to develop towards cleaner, low-carbon or even carbon-free. In response to the demand for the transition to clean energy, the methods of statistical comparison, classified summary and comprehensive analysis are adopted to analyze and study the role and demand of critical minerals in department such as batteries, electricity networks, low-carbon power generation and hydrogen. Combined with the problems, such as high geographical concentration of current critical mineral output, long cycle of project development, and decline in resource quality, that cannot meet the needs of clean energy transition, it is proposed to ensure the diversified supply of key minerals, promote technological innovation in all links of the value chain, scale up recycling, enhance supply chain resilience and market transparency. It is suggested to mainstream higher environmental, social and governance standards into the main process, and strengthen international collaboration between producers and consumers.
Key words:  critical minerals  clean energy transition  mineral demand  carbon neutralization  climate change  mineral exploration engineering